Are There Problems with Panentheism? A Critical Analysis of Philip Clayton’s Response to Current Challenges

Authors

  • Brian Macallan

Keywords:

Panentheism, Philip Clayton, God-World, Science

Abstract

Panentheism suggests that the God-World relationship is one of mutual indwelling. Pantheism, Theism, and Atheism are seen as alternate options to Panentheism in their description of the God-World relationship. Philosophers of science and religion, who engage in these debates, have different perspectives regarding Panentheism and its metaphysical value. There are also different ways of conceiving Panentheism itself. Philip Clayton had staked out a specific version of Panentheism which is called Emergent Panentheism. Several critiques of Clayton’s position will be noted to help situate Clayton’s position more specifically. It will be argued that Clayton’s position is robust in its affirmation of science and its value when conceiving a Panentheistic perspective.

Author Biography

Brian Macallan

Senior Lecturer in Theology

University of Divinity, Stirling Theological College

References

Bullivant, Stephen. Defining ‘Atheism’ In Stephen Bullivant & Michael Ruse

(eds.), TheOxford Handbook of Atheism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Buckareff, Andrei A., and Yujin Nagasawa. "Introduction: Alternative Conceptions of

Divinity and Contemporary Analytic Philosophy of Religion." In Alternative

Concepts of God: Essays on the Metaphysics of the Divine, edited by Andrei

Buckareff, and Yujin Nagasawa. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Brüntrup, Godehard, Benedikt Paul Göcke, and Ludwig Jaskolla (eds). Panentheism and

Panpsychism. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill | mentis, 2020.

Clayton, Philip. The Problem of God in Modern Thought, Eerdmans: Grand Rapids, 2000.

Clayton, Philip, and Steven Knapp. The Predicament of Belief: Science, Philosophy, and

Faith. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Clayton, Philip, Mind and emergence: from Quantum to Consciousness, Oxford: Oxford

University Press: Oxford, 2004.

Clayton, Philip. Adventures in the Spirit: God, World, Divine Action. Minneapolis: Fortress

Press, 2008.

Clayton, Philip. Prospects for Panentheism as Research Program, European Journal for

Philosophy of Religion 11,1 (2019) :1-18.

Clayton, Philip. " Varieties of Panpsychism". In Panentheism and Panpsychism, (Leiden, The

Netherlands: Brill | mentis, 2020) doi: https://doi.org/10.30965/9783957437303_011,

Culp, John, "Panentheism", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2020 Edition),

Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL

<https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2020/entries/panentheism/>.

Göcke, Benedikt Paul. “Concepts of God and Models of the God–world relation.” Philosophy

Compass 12 (2017): 1-15.

Griffin, David. Panentheism and scientific naturalism. Claremont: Process Century Press,

Leidenhag, Joanna. "Deploying Panpsychism for the Demarcation of Panentheism".

In Panentheism and Panpsychism, (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill | mentis, 2020)

doi: https://doi.org/10.30965/9783957437303_005

Leidenhag, Joanna. "Index." In Minding Creation: Theological Panpsychism and the

Doctrine of Creation, 197–204. London: T&T Clark, 2021. Accessed November 15,

http://www.bloomsburycollections.com/minding-creation-theological-

panpsychism-and-the-doctrine-of-creation/index, 24

Mullins, Ryan. "The Difficulty with Demarcating Panentheism." Sophia 55, no. 3 (2016):

-346.

Oord, Thomas Jay, and Wm. Andrew Schwartz. " Panentheism and Panexperientialism for

Open and Relational Theology". In Panentheism and Panpsychism, (Leiden, The

Netherlands: Brill | mentis, 2020) doi: https://doi.org/10.30965/9783957437303_013,

Downloads

Published

28-12-2022

How to Cite

Macallan, B. (2022). Are There Problems with Panentheism? A Critical Analysis of Philip Clayton’s Response to Current Challenges . Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy, 18(2), 369–379. Retrieved from https://www.cosmosandhistory.org/index.php/journal/article/view/1053